Short term effect of exercise

Exercising has many health benefits, such as protecting against heart disease and diabetes, improving sleep, and lowering blood pressure. Exercise has many effects on your body some of them are short term and some are long term effects,

The long term advantages of running are great, too – improved physical strength, more energy and vitality, and weight loss and muscle toning. But in the short term, exercise can begin to help you manage your depression right away.

A common short term effect on the cardio-respiratory system a faster heart rate. This is very common in short term sprinting. This triggers your heart to pump blood faster around the body, so oxygen can be supplied to the working muscles. This allows the sprinter to perform to their max over a short period of time. Short term effects occur immediately as we begin to exercise. In this article we will be reviewing some of the most common ones.


Everyone will experience muscle fatigue after training, this will happen because you’ve exerted yourself and your body needs time to adjust. This is more likely to happen when you’ve just intensified your workout or started a new activity. It’s caused either by a build-up of energy waste products in the muscles or microscopic tears in muscle fibers.

Stretching and cooling down after a tough aerobics class helps prevent soreness and some of the fatigue you may feel the following day. Proper stretching allows blood to flow to your joints and muscles, so you don’t feel stiff when you roll out of bed the next day. Cooling down, which can be as simple as walking on the treadmill for 5 to 10 minutes, gives your heart time to get back to its normal pace, allowing you to sleep more soundly.

Light headedness

The heart is a pump and it works to keep blood moving around your body to supply your brain, your muscles and other body organs with oxygen and nutrients. When exercising your heart and muscles are using a lot of energy. if you use up all the blood sugar in your body exercising you can end up leaving little left in the blood for your brain to run on – which in turn leaves you feeling a little dizzy.

Muscle soreness

when muscles that have not been exercised for long periods of time see a lot of stress, they respond by getting sore. Muscle soreness typically occurs if you do a new exercise to which you are not accustomed or if you do a familiar exercise too hard.

Distinctive muscle pain that nearly everyone experiences after intense or unfamiliar exercise, is also known as D.O.M.S. for delayed-onset muscle soreness. DOMS is the musculoskeletal pain the happens about one to three days after particularly tough exercise, resulting in sore muscles, a loss of range of motion in your joints, and reduced muscle strength

The sore muscles that occur after a rigorous workout will usually subside after 24 to 48 hours of rest. But if the muscle aches do not go away after a few days of rest or even become more intense, it could be a sign that you have sustained a serious muscle injury.

Experiencing severe muscle pain during a workout could also be a sign that you have a muscle strain or muscle injury. If muscle pain is accompanied by breathing difficulty, high fever, muscle weakness and stiff neck, see a doctor.


Cramps will usually hit you at the end of an intense workout because fatigued muscles are more likely to cramp. This occurs when one of the muscles or a group of muscles contracts forcibly and doesn’t stop contracting. The result can be a brief, mildly annoying sensation, or a sharp pain if the cramp is more severe.

To prevent Cramps drinks lots of water, try a vitamin. Studies suggest magnesium, zinc, and vitamins B, D, and E can limit the likelihood of getting a muscle cramp (or at least ease the pain). Or jump around. small nerves in our muscles get fatigued, cramping can occur. Luckily, jumping drills keep these nerves from tiring. Do them a few times a week after working out to help prevent spasms.